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1) INSTALLATION–GENERAL INFORMATION

 This chapter of the Marble Institute of America’s Dimension Stone Design Manual includes general notes and references that apply to the installation of natural stone in both horizontal (walking surfaces, interior and exterior) and vertical (cladding, interior and exterior) applications. Chapter 14 references issues specific to the installation of horizontal surfaces, and chapter 15 references issues specific to the installation of vertical surfaces. This chapter should be used in conjunction with either chapter 14 or 15 to provide a complete discussion of the process if installing natural stone in a particular application.  Read More...

 2) HORIZONTAL SURFACES

Installation Methods. Stone paving can be installed by several methods. Consideration should be given to the various features of each method in making a selection for a specific installation. See illustrations of installation examples at the close of this section. Class of usage establishes the abrasion resistance a stone requires to withstand the foot traffic requirements of the project. This is determined according to the Read More...

 

3) VERTICAL SURFACES - INSTALLATION NOTES

The stone panels and associated anchorage are designed to accommodate vertical loads (stone unit self weight) and lateral loads (wind and seismic forces) as required by governing codes and/or project specifications. Each of these loads is transferred directly to the back up wall substrate through the stone anchorage. Joints between each stone are designed to accommodate thermal expansion and differential movement between stone units, and therefore, must remain free of shims, mortar, or any other rigid material that would transfer load from one stone to another.  Read More...


4) RESIDENTIAL STONE COUNTER TOP INSTALLATION

The beauty and permanence of natural stone countertops are enjoyed by many. The full potential of these installations is realized only when the selection, design, fabrication, and installation are completed by, or with the consultation of, qualified and experienced individuals. This document has been prepared and published by the Marble Institute of America to guide the user in the correct means and methods of using natural stone as a countertop surface.  Read More...

 

5) COPING and STOOLS - EXTERIOR CUBIC STONE COPING AND WALLS

Installation Method. There are several methods by which cubic coping and walls can be installed. Consideration should be given to the various features of each method in making a selection for a specific installation. See information about installation methods in this section’s Data Sheet, Part 3, and illustrations of examples at the close of this section.  Read More...

 

6) STONE FURNITURE - STONE FURNITURE AND TOPS

Installation Methods. There are several methods by which stone furniture can be fabricated and installed. Consideration should be given to the various features of each method. Refer to recommendations furnished by MIA Members specializing in furniture and top construction. See information about installation methods in this section’s Data Sheet, Part 3, and illustrations of examples at the close of this section.  Read More...


7) STONE-FACED VENEER PRECAST CONCRETE PANELS

Physical Properties. When using precast panels, careful attention should be given to ensuring the necessary strength and serviceability requirements, with particular attention given to the physical properties of the stone, anchorage of the stone to the concrete, safety factors, and effect of finishes on the strength of the stone.  Read More...


8) CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE

ASTM C1515 Standard Guide for Cleaning of Exterior Dimension Stone, Vertical and Horizontal Surfaces, New or Existing Maintenance: Scheduled cleaning, specific procedures, and inspections performed on a daily, weekly, or other regular basis to keep the stone in proper condition. Refinishing: Repolishing or honing of dull, once-polished marble, limestone, or granite floors and walls. Refinishing of traffic patterns, for example.  Read More...


9) Restoration / refinishing

Basic Methods. The ancient Greeks and Romans used crushed salt, sand, and fibers to grind, hone, and polish stone. Today, we use diamonds and specially formulated polishing powders to accomplish the same tasks, yet the fundamentals remain the same. The fundamental goal of restoring stone is to replicate the look and feel of the newly installed material. This can involve several different processes.  Read More...

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